Breeding Dubia Roaches

Breeding Dubia Roaches
Breeding Dubia Roaches, photo by suicidalsock

Breeding dubia roaches is very easy which is why most reptile and amphibian keepers breed them rather than other roach species. Below is a very easy way to start your own colony of dubia roaches for your reptiles and frogs at home. Once your colony gets started, you will have an endless amount of feeders (for free).

Supplies Needed

  1. 3 Rubbermaid Containers (1 for adult dubia roaches, 1 for juveniles, and 1 for babies)
  2. Vinyl Mesh (to convert Rubbermaid container into ventilation)
  3. Scissors to cut the vinyl mesh
  4. Hot glue gun to glue vinyl mesh to cover.
  5. Clear Packaging Tape (to not allow roaches to climb container)
  6. Egg Crate for climbing and adding space
  7. Food Dishes with dubia roach diet
  8. Water Dishes with Water Crystals or fruit
  9. Heat (Heat Lamp, heat tape, etc…)
  10. Water Bottle
  11. A good amount of dubia roaches. Buy 100 dubia roaches here

Dubia Roach Care

Follow the directions on how to care for dubia roaches here on this dubia roach care article. You are going to want to keep the environment the same as you would just carrying for them. If your dubia roaches are kept at temperatures below 80 °F, you might want to bump up the temperature using a heat lamp, heat tape, or etc… The higher the temperatures, the more active your dubia roaches will be. The cooler the temperature, the harder it will be to breed your dubia roaches. Try to keep the temperatures between 80 °F – 90°F if you can. You will see great success with these temperatures.

Baby Dubia Roach Care

Once you start breeding dubia roaches, you will have what we call nymphs (baby dubia roaches). Nymphs can climb uneven surfaces and can sometimes even climb up smooth surfaces like a sterilite tote, making a lid a necessity. If you want to stop them from climbing, get your clear packaging tape and apply a single line 3/4 of the way up the container. Make the line going horizontally all the way around the entire container. This will make the wall very slick, slick enough to stop your nymphs from climbing up to the top. The last thing you want are escapes.

Humidity & Hydration

Humidity levels should be around 50 – 60% for successful breeding. You can easily reach these percentages by adding a bottled water to the container with a few holes punched into the top and by spraying down the sides of the enclosure from time to time. Even though dubia roaches like their environment humid, you still need ventilation. Ventilation will help keep the enclosure smelling somewhat clean and will help keep mold and bacteria from growing. Too much humidity can cause bacteria to grow and can sometimes even attract mites.  Most plastic tubs come with plastic covers. You will have to modify the plastic cover in order to provide ventilation. You can do this easily by cutting a hole in the cover, at least 8”x8” and hot-glue some vinyl mesh over the opening.


Hydration can be done by providing water crystals or fresh fruit and vegetables. Try to feed more vegetables than fruits though. Vegetables are more nutritional for your roaches and pets than fruit. Make sure to remove any uneaten fruit and vegetables every other day. Left over food can make the enclosure smell bad.


A good diet is the key in raising healthy dubia roaches. Remember, the food that your roaches eat will be the food that your pets eat. So you want to make sure you choose a roach diet that is high in protein. Oranges are said to help speed up the breeding process, but try not to over-feed oranges as it is high in citrus and is not the best type of food that you want your pets eating.

How to Tell the Gender of Your Dubia Roaches

Male Dubia Roaches – Have fully developed wings and are smaller in size.

Female Dubia Roaches – Have underdeveloped wings and are larger in size.

Baby Dubia Roaches (Nymphs) – Have no wings and are tiny in size. Be careful, baby dubia roaches can climb most surfaces that are uneven.

Breeding Dubia Roaches

Here are a few rules that you might want to remember:

  1. You’ll want to have 3 to 5 females for every male in your colony for breeding purposes.
  2. Females give live birth anywhere from 20 to 35 nymphs after having carried the eggs to gestation (28 days) in a process known as ovoviviparity. They will do this every two months.
  3. It takes 3 – 5 months for nymphs to reach maturity to start breeding.
  4. Dubia roaches live for about 1 – 2 years. Females usually live longer than males.

You are going to want to start off with about 100 – 200 roaches. This amount will give you enough to breed and to feed off to some of your animals. You should start off with at least 50 adult dubia roaches. The rest should be close to the size of adults, but not adults yet. Normally, you will get a few females already pregnant, so you might see nymphs on week 1 of getting the roaches. You don’t have to do much to get the process going, just make sure they are somewhere warm.


You should have three Rubbermaid containers ready for your roaches. The reason for three containers is to sort out your dubia roaches in an organized way. In one container, you should keep your adult dubia roaches (do not feed these to your animals). In the second container, you should have the pre-adult roaches so you can grow and feed some off to your animals. The third container, you should have ready for your baby dubia roaches (nymphs) for when they start to show up. Keeping your colony separate and organized like this will allow you to know which roaches are new, which are old, which you can feed off, and etc. You can have more containers if you choose to take your organizing skills to another level, but three is usually enough.


Once you see nymphs running around, you can separate them easily using buckets as described in the video below.



If you want to see what baby dubia roaches (nymphs) will look like when they are born, check out the video below. The white color will be what they look like right when they hatch. They will become darker once they start eating and molting.


Dubia Roaches Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Do dubia roaches fly?

They can glide and fly short distances. However, they don’t do it often.

Do dubia roaches bite?

Anything with a mouth can, but dubia roaches will not bite you if you handle them. Don’t worry.

Do dubia roaches eat each other?

Yes, if food supply is short.

Do dubia roaches need light?

No, no special lighting is necessary.

Do dubia roaches need heat?

If you want an active colony of roaches, then yes. But dubia roaches need a minimum of 68 °F

Do dubia roaches smell?

No, the only thing that will give off a smell would be the left over food.

Do dubia roaches make noise?

No, unlike crickets, they do not chirp or make any sounds.

Can dubia roaches infest my house?

If some escape, they wont be able to breed. It is too cold and dry for them.

How do you sex dubia roaches?

Male Dubia Roaches – Have fully developed wings and are smaller in size.

Female Dubia Roaches – Have underdeveloped wings and are larger in size.


    • Hey Kiera,
      It depends on the sizes, temperature you are keeping them at, and the age of them. But normally within one month you should start seeing babies running around.

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