- Scientific Name: Bombina
- Lifespan: 15 years.
- Handling: Frogs of any species are not supposed to be handled too much. Their type of skin absorbs anything that comes into contact with them. Meaning their skin can absorb our oils from our hands which in turn, can result in a sick frog. However, if you are going to handle your frog, make sure to wash your hands thoroughly before and after handling it.
- Size: 2 inches.
- Care: Easy
- Community: You may house a group of fire bellied toads together.
- Lifestyle: Diurnal, active during the day.
You need to make sure you have the right size tank for your fire bellied toad. A tank too small can be very stressful for your frog. Use the guidelines below to help determine the best tank size for your frog:
- 1-3 fire bellied toads: 10 gallon tank
- 4-5 fire bellied toads: 15 gallon tank
- 6-7 fire bellied toads: 20 gallon long tank
I highly recommend the 18x18x18 Exo-Terra terrarium for up to 4 fire-bellied toads. If you are wanting to keep a larger community of them, I would recommend the Exo Terra terrarrium 24 by 18 by 12-Inch.
In order to keep your fire-bellied toads healthy and happy, you should try to set up the tank as best as possible to mimic their natural environment in the wild. Use the guidelines below to help determine which items to get.
Fire-bellied toads are semi-aquatic so you will want to set up an enclosure with a 50/50 ratio of water to land. For the land portion, you can use a substrate like turtle pebbles. These pebbles are too large for fire-bellied toads to accidentally ingest, and will add a nice naturalistic feeling to the habitat. When placing the pebbles, you will want to create a beach/slope going into the water so that your fire-bellied toad(s) can easily get into and out of the water. As for the water portion, you can leave it alone and keep it bare bottom (will be easier to clean later on), or add a thin layer of turtle pebbles.
If you decide to create a habitat as suggested above, you should consider adding a stand-up water filter like the Whisper In-Tank Filter. If you are looking for something a little more aesthetic, check out the Tetra Decorative Filter.
Pants and Hides
Foliage helps keep your fire-bellied toads feeling secure and comfortable. On the land, it may be best to add a hide like a coconut hide and some fake plants like a small Exo-Terra mandarin. If you decide to use live plants, make sure you have the appropriate lighting to help keep the plants alive and thriving. Some good live plants to keep in a fire-bellied toad’s enclosure are Pothos and Bromeliads. Make sure to always do research on live plants before adding them to your frogs enclosure as some may be toxic to frogs.
Don’t forget to clean out the waste weekly, as mold may start to form around some of the feces, especially in a wet environment.
Lighting & Heating
While there is little data to show whether the use of a UVB bulb in a fire-bellied toad’s enclosure is beneficial or not, it may not hurt to add a UVB bulb, as it may help aid the frog in processing calcium and other beneficial vitamins. If you are using live plants in the enclosure, you will definitely want to add a UVB bulb to help your plants thrive. Depending on the type of fixture you get, you may decide to go with a fluorescent bulb like the 18 inch Zoo Med ReptiSun fluorescent bulb or a mini compact fluorescent bulb bulb like the 13 Watt Zoo Med ReptiSun 5.0.
Once you get a UVB bulb, you will then want to add a heat lamp to add additional heat if the ambient temperature is too cold (anything below 72°F). A bulb like the Exo Terra daytime heat lamp will be good. Choose the wattage based on the amount of degrees that you have to raise the tank’s temperature. The more degrees, the higher the wattage.
Night temperatures can reach as low as 70°F without needing a heat source. If temperatures drop below that, you may want to consider adding a night time heat lamp like a Zoo Med ceramic heat emitter.
When measuring temperatures, it’s best to use digital thermometers. Dial thermometers tend to give off inaccurate measurements.
For temperature and humidity readings, you can go with a 2-in-1 digital reader like the Exo Terra digital combination thermometer/hygrometer.
An ambient temperature of 72 – 78 °F.
An ambient temperature of 70 – 75 °F.
Having an enclosure with a ratio of 50/50 water to land will help achieve desirable humidity levels of 50-80%. However, if you are only panning on inserting a big water dish for the water portion, you may need to spray the enclosure down a few times throughout the day to help increase humidity levels.
Water that is safe to use:
- De-chlorinated water
- Tap water that has been left out for 24 hours uncovered, allowing the chlorine to evaporate
- Bottled water
Feeding & Diet
The primary diet of a fire-bellied toad will consist mostly of live insects including: crickets, silkworms, hornworms, small roaches, night crawlers and other types of worms and insects. Feeding each fire-bellied toad 3 – 6 crickets every two days should be enough to keep them full and happy. If you have more than 1 fire-bellied toad in the enclosure, make sure that you see each one eating.
The rule of thumb is to make sure the feeder is smaller than the space between its eyes.
Their feedings must be dusted with supplements as follows:
- Calcium without D3: every other feeding
- Calcium with D3: 3-4 times a month
- Multivitamins: 3-4 times a month
If you don’t like touching the insects with your hands, you can get some feeding tongs.
Fire-Bellied Toad Care Questions?
If you have any other questions regarding the care of a fire-bellied toad, please feel free to ask questions in the comments section below.
Note: The information on this fire-bellied toad care sheet is not a substitute for veterinary care